Many people turn to androgenic or anabolic steroids to achieve their bodybuilding goals. However, taking steroids is not legal unless prescribed by a doctor for medical purposes. Also, steroids can result in several physical side effects. Thus, a better option is to take safe and legal steroid alternatives that provide better results similar to those that anabolic steroids can provide, with fewer or without any unwanted side effects.

Steroid alternativesAnabolic steroids can result in several unwanted changes in physical appearance. For instance, they can cause hair loss and acne. They can also result in a condition known as gynecomastia, which increases the size of men’s breasts that they look like female breasts. Also, these unwanted physical changes caused by steroids can result in personality and behavioral changes. For example, they can cause the so-called roid rage or the extreme aggressiveness and hostility. These substances can also cause states of depression.

Steroids can also result in several harmful health problems at the very early age. For instance, they can cause headache, raised cholesterol, nausea, raised blood pressure, and sexual impotence. They can also harmfully affect several vital organs in the body like the kidney and liver.

One of the important organs that steroids can affect greatly is the liver. For instance, a very dangerous liver condition called Peliosis Hepatis may occur. The kidneys are also considered as one of the vital organs within the body that can be negatively affected by steroids. Both the kidneys and the liver are responsible for important functions in the body like detoxification. Thus, exposing them to steroids is a bad idea.

Aside from Peliosis Hepatis, taking steroids can result in other health concerns. For example, the chance of having heart ailments is increased ten times when taking them. Just like Peliosis Hepatitis, heart ailments could lead to death.

All of the harmful side effects mentioned can be avoided. These effects can be avoided by not taking anabolic steroids. Bodybuilders can choose the safe and legal steroid alternatives which have the same results as steroids. Compared to anabolic steroids, these alternatives will not cause any bad effects at all. These alternatives will not cause you to break the bank since these will not produce bad effects that might require you to spend a lot of money for medication.

If you search online, there are lots of retailers that offer alternatives to anabolic steroids. One popular company that manufactures steroid alternatives is Stacklabs. They manufacture eight different bodybuilding supplements that are very effective and it is available in tablet form. One of the popular products they manufacture for muscle building is Decca-Duraboll. Andro-T is another popular testosterone booster that the company manufactures. These products are legal steroid alternatives and six other products are manufactured by Stacklabs.

People might be hesitant at first about the efficiency of alternatives. But, the fact remains that there are lots of satisfied bodybuilders that use them. You can read these reviews by searching the web.

The bottom line is that taking anabolic steroids is dangerous. Since these products are illegal, if the authorities caught you buying one, you will be subjected to a huge amount of fines or they might put you in jail. It also has several bad effects within your body that will result in serious health problems at a very young age. Using them is not worth the risks associated with it.

Instead of using the anabolic steroids, you can choose the steroid alternatives which can mimic the effects of steroids with reduced risk of harmful side effects. Also, these cost less as compared to anabolic steroids. These alternatives are safe to use and you can purchase them over-the-counter since these are legally distributed in the market.


Getting your money’s worth on a bottle of e juice is quite tricky. How do you know if you bought the right one? How do you choose which flavor to get, or which type to buy? The right kind of juice is essential to achieve satisfaction and practicality. To make the most out of your e-cigarette, there are 3 major things to consider before buying your e juice.

1. Nicotine Content

Although electronic, the same principles are used in the production of e-cigarettes. Nicotine is the foremost composition of regular cigarettes, and even juices for e-cigarettes may contain a certain amount of nicotine. You can only achieve so much satisfaction when you get the right amount of nicotine in your juice. Changing the concentration of nicotine in the juice is one of the advantages of using e-cigarette.

For those who are using e-cigarettes for the reason of quitting conventional tobaccos, you would want to take the nicotine deprivation gradually. Absence of nicotine in a body that is used to it can create complications in emotional and psychological stability. For those who are still starting, you can get juices with high concentration of nicotine—about 16mg-18mg per millimeter. You can use that for about a period of time until you gradually go lower to 10mg-14mg, and then further to 4mg-8mg, until you can finally smoke 0mg of nicotine in your vale. Nicotine free juices are very helpful to those who are trying to quit smoking.

Generally, the best way to get juice is to find out which nicotine content would best satisfy your cravings, yet at the same time maintain your discipline. Remember, you are smoking at your own risk.

2. Flavor

e-1Here’s an easy one. Flavors come in an assortment. It’s hard to choose from all the available flavors in the market. Even so, the best way to choose from all these tempting and sweet sounding flavors is to do a survey. You can ask your friends about their experiences trying out different flavors from different brands. You can also try Google-in recommendations from other people outside your circle of friends so that you can get neutral results. The more people you ask, the better your results will be. Doing a survey keeps you from buying juices that are a waste of money.

If you happen to enjoy the feeling of trying things out for yourself, you can also do so by narrowing your options with the best brands available. You can try buying at least three of the best flavors from every brand so that you have options. Always keep in mind that first impressions last, so you wouldn’t want to miss out on the chance of trying the best that each brand can offer.

You can also spice up your flavored puffs by mixing certain flavors in your vale. Does research about which flavors taste good together so you can try it out yourself.

3. Quality and Price

The quality of an ejuice depends on how long it lasts, and on the above mentioned factors namely your nicotine level preference and the tastiness of the flavor you desire. Do not just buy because it’s cheap; buy it because it’s good. Usually though, higher quality come with higher price tags. But this isn’t always the case. There are brands who also offer good quality juices but with a value price. Just make sure that when you buy, you get the quality that the price calls for.

Look for a brand that offers high quality e juice at a very reasonable price. You have a wide range of flavors to choose from, with a guarantee of long lasting effects and satisfactory flavor. The quality of your e-cigarette experience is what you want to ensure. Try out a variety of premium e juice flavors and see for yourself which gives you the most pleasure.


Getting a great HDMI cable is more or less mandatory nowadays. Most devices and appliances rely on HDMI technology in order to interface with one another. Standard definition sets are rare in today’s world, if not outright extinct. In fact, manufacturers don’t even sell standard definition products anymore.

The cable is important because the quality of the HD signal is severely affected by the type of cable the interface uses. Making the most out of HD content can only be achieved by having the right equipment. The cable is essential because it connects one device to another. Without it, either device will probably be worthless. Imagine a computer without a monitor for example.

Buying a good Hdmi cable will probably take a little bit of time and effort. Here are a few mistakes people need to keep in mind before they buy a cable.

ca-19Thinking too much about the price

The first thing that people need to realize is that price is of little import when buying a new cable. These cables are more or less the same. Those who buy their cables based primarily on the price of the cable will be disappointed if they think that the expensive stuff is better.

Some people like to think that buying the most expensive item on the shelf is the quickest way to get the best item possible. More often than not, this idea is true. Price is often an indicator of value and quality. This idea however does not apply to cables.

Most cables are the same. The best approach to getting a new cable is getting the cheapest one possible. Cables aren’t as high tech as mobile phones where each model really does have a difference in specs.

There are other factors like color, but the truth is that these things don’t really matter much. Avoid overthinking and get the cheapest cable possible.

Letting the marketing get through

Manufacturers often try to convince consumers that theirs is the superior product. To that end, most of these manufacturers often have product descriptions that explain just why their product is better than the competition.

In an ideal world, these manufacturers would be preaching the truth when they wrote their product descriptions. The truth is that they don’t. In reality, a vast majority of these marketing slogans are usually false words meant to motivate consumers into buying an HDMI cable.

Cables carry the same kind of signal at the same rate. They pretty much carry the same load. Even if some cables are superior in that they can carry more data, it’s still irrelevant since Blu-Ray doesn’t even take the entirety of the cable’s bandwidth.

Some manufacturers are even going so far as to claim that consumers need to switch their cable if they want to watch something in 3D. This simply isn’t true.

Ignoring the cable’s length

Another problem that most people seem to make is forgetting to get a cable with the right length. In general, people are often advised to simply get a cable that’s longer than what they actually need. This way, any mistake in measurements can simply be covered by the extra length.

People need to learn that HDMI technology does not work the same way as DVI. DVI cables are a lot different from their HDMI counterparts in that their length can be extended. DVI cables can use repeaters or amplifiers. HDMI can’t make use of the same method to increase its length. People are stuck with what they have.

Play it smart by buying an HDMI cable that’s a bit longer than necessary in order to avoid getting things wrong.


The backing allows a custom patch to keep its shape and to attach to an object. It can also give reassurance that your patch won’t be lost.

Security Backing

A security backing is a thin layer of plastic that prevents the patch from being plagiarized. This will only happen if the patch is not affixed to an object. The company name or other desired information is printed onto the thin layer of plastic. The backing can also remind the wearer where the patch came from.

custom patchesPin Backing

A pin backing has small pins that are attached into the layers of the patch. The pins are secured by butterfly clutches so that the patch can be used as a brooch or pin. Custom patches with a pin backing can change locations. For example, you can affix the patch on different sweaters in a month.

Button Loop Backing

A button loop backing is a loop of thread that’s glued to the back of the patch. The loop allows the wearer to hang the patch to his or her button.

Magnetic Backing

A magnetic backing has small magnetic discs that are attached to the back of the patch. The discs allow the patch to bond to any metallic object. Custom patches that are 3 inches long typically have two magnetic discs. More than 2 magnetic discs are attached to patches that are longer than 3 inches.

Two-sided Velcro Backing

A two-sided velcro backing has a velcro loop side and a velcro hook side. The velcro loop side is sewn onto a clothing and the velcro hook side is attached to the back of a patch. The wearer can attach the patch to his or her clothing by pressing the velcro loop side to the velcro hook side.

Heat seal or Iron-on Backing

Heat seal backing allows the patch to be applied to a clothing by home ironing. The backing stiffens the patch by flattening it. Custom patches that have a heat seal backing undergo 6 steps.

First, the clothing should be washed without using a fabric softener. Second, the iron should be set to cotton setting. Water should be removed from the iron. Third, the clothing should be placed on a hard and flat heat-tolerant surface. The clothing can be laid on a cutting board that’s placed on top of the padded ironing board.

Fourth, the back of the patch should be placed onto the clothing. Fifth, the patch should be ironed for 30-60 seconds while applying pressure. The iron should not be moved from side to side to prevent the patch from moving. Sixth, the patch must be allowed to cool down. The patch should be ironed again for 20-30 seconds more if the patch does not adhere to the clothing. The patch should be cooled down after that.

Seventh, the clothing should be turned inside out and the back of the patch should be ironed for 30 seconds. Eight, the clothing should be washed after 48 hours have passed. The clothing should be turned inside out before washing.

Hook-sided Velcro Backing

A hook-sided velcro backing only has a velcro hook side. The patch is attached to a clothing that has the velcro loop side.

Adhesive Backing

An adhesive backing turns the patch into a sticker. A paper is glued to the back of the patch. The wearer will peel off the paper if he or she will use the patch. The paper may have the same size as the patch or a larger size than the patch. An over-sized paper can be used for quick peeling and application. Custom patches with an adhesive backing will weaken overtime if they’re cycled in a washing machine.

Plastic Backing

A plastic backing is a thin layer of shiny plastic that’s attached to the back of the patch. The plastic backing flattens the patch by stiffening it. A flattened patch becomes thin enough for it to be sewn onto a clothing.


Challenge coins or military coins are often used as collectible items by organization members. In some cases, it is used to recognize one’s membership, achievement or position in an organization. Military coins often bear the emblem of a certain unit. It is also used by the police and fire department.

Military coins are very popular not just in the military but also in other organizations and even companies. One of the reasons it is patronized by such customers is because of its affordable price and great quality. Aside from that, military coins can be customized into different shapes and sizes. However, even though challenge coins are made from high quality materials using the best equipments and skilled makers, proper care and maintenance of challenge coins will help preserve its quality. When properly maintained, challenge coins can last for years and can be passed down for generations.

m-2When taking care of challenge coins, it is very important to know what type of metal was used in making it. Certain metal types have different care requirements. Most challenge coins are made from gold, silver, copper, brass, nickel and metal. Challenge coins made from any of these materials require special care in cleaning and storing it.

Aside from the type of metal used, it is also important to note what kind of finish the challenge coin has. Is it engraved, dual toned or antique? Knowing this will help preserve the finish and look of the challenge coin no matter how many times it is cleaned.

When cleaning challenge coins made out of brass, it is best to use a soft polishing cloth that is used in cleaning jewelries. Use a polishing cloth made from cotton material to prevent scratching or damaging the coin’s surface. When cleaning the coins, it is best to use a Q-tip dipped in acetic acid to remove the dirt in the engravings and designs of the coin. Polishing cream can be used in cleaning the challenge coins. Just make sure to properly wipe off any cleaning substance used to prevent residue from getting stuck on the engravings of the challenge coins.

As for metal pins, never ever use liquid cleaners. Liquid cleaners encourage rust and metal challenge coins are prone to rusting. Use a polishing cloth or metal polisher instead. Be sure to follow all the instructions carefully. Polish residue will damage the surface and design of the challenge coins so make sure to wipe off the polisher to prevent residue from building up in the surface of the coin.

For silver and gold challenge coins, a silver or gold polisher can be used. In some cases, baking soda mixed with water is an excellent cleaning solution. To clean the coin, dip a sponge or cloth in the cleaning solution and gently rub the surface of the coin. Make sure to clean every space and corner of the coin, even the tiniest spaces in the engravings. Properly wipe off the cleaning substance used to prevent residue from building up. A jewelry polish can also be used to clean gold and silver coins.

When cleaning challenge coins, always remember to use soft materials such as cotton cloth or polishing cloth. Be gentle in wiping and cleaning off dirt and as much as possible; avoid using a brush as it may leave scratches on the surface of the coin. Never use oil in cleaning the coin. Oil makes dirt stick easier and faster to the coin.

Storing the coin is also important. Store the challenge coins in cabinets or boxes lined with soft materials. Make sure that it is kept in a cool and dry place out of reach of children.


Facilitating a discussion in a small group of people can be challenging, but preparing to deliver a speech to a larger audience can be even more difficult and challenging for several reasons.

For one thing, there will always be the risk of judgement. Speakers who are given the task to give keynote addresses need to be very open to constructive criticisms. It is a given fact that speakers cannot and will not be able to please everybody. That is why it is important to be open and optimistic about whatever reaction they may hear at the end of the presentation.

Another challenging factor is that the audience, as well as the organizers, will always have high expectations of the speaker. Usually, before the actual event, the client and the speaker would have a meeting to talk about the objective and the expected outcome of the event. This will set a standard for both the client and the speaker and will serve as a guideline for the flow of the discussion. And at the end of every event, a keynote speaker will be carefully evaluated by both the client and the audience.

Keynote-SpeakerNow, in order for a speaker to properly meet both their client’s and the audience expectations, a keynote speaker or any speaker for that matter needs to keep in mind some important tips in preparing for their big day presentation.

First in the list is of course to know the details of the event. Details such as the objective, the audience, the venue, other speakers, etc. – can guide the speaker in his preparation for the speech.

The second important tip is to research well on the topic. When a keynote speaker is invited to give inspiring keynote addresses, his or her speeches can only inspire change in the audience only when he or she has a considerable amount of knowledge on the field.

“Practice makes perfect.” This is the one of the most important things to remember prior to the day of the actual event. Doing a dry run of the actual speech would always be very helpful most especially in building self composure, confidence and in predicting errors. Some professional keynote speakers do not need to write their speeches before their practice, but they always provide an outline. But for other speakers, they would always need to write and print their speeches before they conduct an oral practice.

In the preparation process, speakers do not only practice their oral speeches, but their materials as well. There are many professional speakers who make use of audio visuals as a supplement to their demonstration. It is important for the speakers to let the organizers or client know what equipment they will use so that all the appropriate preparations should be made. Aside from that, every professional speaker should always provide back-up plans in case something goes terribly wrong.

Be confident and believe in one. This is probably among the most important things that a keynote speaker should remember. People who will see and hear professional speakers need to feel that what that speaker is saying is true. And in order to convince other people to believe, is for that speaker to first believe in himself. Even in the process of preparing the actual speech, every speaker should duly convince themselves that what they have researched is true. They should be able to create a connection to their real life experiences. These experiences, when included in speeches, can also help the audience relate to their own lives. These will make the audience feel that what that professional speaker is saying is both true to the speaker and to them.

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Running a business nowadays requires a great deal of storing data in a server. A lot of companies invest on Dedicated Servers to maintain their data. But Dedicated Servers can cost a lot of money, which makes it impractical for start-up or small businesses.

What can be the solution for this?

A Virtual Private Server is the best way to solve this issue.  Having cheap VPS is the cost-effective solution to manage or handle your business without the expensive price of Dedicated Servers or the risk of Shared Hosting. Here are some comparisons between VPS and the two.

Dedicated Physical Server

In a nutshell, a Dedicated Cheap VPSPhysical Server is a type of hosting that is designed for a specific hardware. This is programmed to run the unit in a certain operating system. A dedicated server offers a secure and assured way to store all of your data and host your web services without the worry of getting tampered.

Buy a unit that can greatly manage and secure your data. The amount of bandwidth to have this kind of hosting is huge. This makes it the top choice for companies, businesses or users who want to host their web services the best way they can.

The problem with Dedicated Severs is that they’re incredibly expensive. It is not very practical to invest on hardware that needs to be managed and optimized to a great extent.

Cheap VPS are available and can provide the amount of security for your business.

Shared Hosting

Shared Hosting is the most basic among the three. This kind of web hosting provides sufficient storage for basic services. Websites like WordPress and other web builders give users a chance to make a homepage within the boundaries of their server.

This kind of hosting is a great tool to start web pages. Shared hosting is centralized in a specific server that gives multiple users an opportunity to build their page. The downside to this, of course, is the risk of getting affected when a problem occurs with the server. Data is shared within the server, which means there is also little security.

Virtual Private Servers are quite similar to shared hosting servers but the difference is in the efficiency and effectiveness. VPSs contain more security since the server can store data within a specific unit without giving away any information to other units.

Why you should get VPS for your business

The internet is a sea of opportunities for entrepreneurs. Websites create a gateway to the world for your business, which makes virtual private servers necessary for your page.

Virtual private servers function like a dedicated server, only it is “virtualized”. They are able to make a copy of the operating system which gives other users the liberty to install programs and applications. There are a lot of cheap VPS nowadays because they are easy to create. Virtual private servers are classified as “software”; they’re installed in hardware to serve as a network for multiple users.

Having a virtual private server is the best solution for startup businesses who want to explore the opportunities in internet marketing.

Some of the best VPS providers offer affordable plans for their clients. The things you need to look out for are 1) Bandwidth, 2) Space, 3) Accessible control panels, 4) Support system, and 5) Domain provisions. Each of these features provided by the web host will optimize your web page in all aspects. Virtual private servers will solve a lot of your issues in your business when it comes to storage and database. Effectiveness and efficiency is what you should always look for in cheap VPS.

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The problem of finding a good place to store all that deadly firepower can be solved with the help of gun safes. Once bought, the next thing to think about is where to store it in a home or office space. Either you do it on your own or with the help of a professional, installing a gun safe is relatively easy. To do this properly, several factors should be considered.


The location of the safe should not be obvious for everyone to see. In fact, showcasing the safe in a living room or office space is just inviting a potential robber to try and pry the safe open. When installing gun safes, it would be best to keep their locations private and even secret. Paces like the basement, garage, and the manager’s office are just some of the best spots to have standing safes installed.

For wall and floor mounted safes, the problem of secrecy can already be solved as they can be installed and embedded right into the structure. As an added measure, it is best to place something over the door like a panel or a painting. This way, no one will even suspect that there is a safe in the house.


Apart from secrecy, theGun Safes gun safes should also be stored in a place easily accessible when emergencies arise. For instance, if the safe is installed at home, it should be within walking distance either from the living room or the bedroom. This way, you can easily arm yourself whenever an intruder happens to break in. Planning every route towards the safe will also be integral in lessening the time it takes to get to your safe in the event of an emergency.

Also, the safe should be at the right height; not too high to make it difficult to open it or too low to make it accessible to children. It should also be properly positioned so as not to make you vulnerable to intruders when attempting to open the safe. Always remember that the time that it takes to reach the safe and open it will be a matter of life and death under certain circumstances.


Though gun safes possess a certain heft, it is best to assume that this would not be enough to deter an eager thief. Some thieves often take the safe first and then attempt to break it open when they get to a safer place. To prevent this, it is best to hold the safe down with several bolts. Once bolted to the floor or wall, the safe cannot be moved easily even with a pickup or forklift.

Look for a flat surface like a floor or wall for the safe to be placed in and then drill the holes for the bolts to be screwed in. Before doing so, it is best to check the weight limits of the area and add beams, struts or studs to give additional support to the safe. When making a hole for wall mounted safes, make sure that you are not cutting through important supports in the wall or floor so as not to compromise structural integrity.


Once gun safes are installed, it is recommended that owners dispose of the package discreetly or have them destroyed completely. The package can give people an idea that you are storing guns in your house or office space so it is best to have traces of this information removed or destroyed completely. This way, experienced thieves will have no idea of what kind of safe was installed in the property should they ever look through the trash.

Author Bio:

Vault And Safe is the #1 source for high quality safes and vaults to protect your valuables. Free Shipping on all safes including home safes, gun safes, drop safes, depository safes, combination safes, TL-15 safes security & fire proof safe to home or office nationwide.
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The main purpose of a web hosting site is to provide a place where webmasters can display their content for the entire internet to see. And with millions and millions of people now turning to the internet for all their information and entertainment needs, web hosts have become an important element of it.

Most of the best web hosting sites around can be commonly classified into three different types: free, shared, and dedicated. While they all share the same purpose, their difference lies in the features they offer.

Web hostingFree - There are some sites that offer a free, virtually costless web hosting for your basic needs. As the name implies, it’s their biggest advantage, and simply registering is enough for you to get started on your website. However, “free” doesn’t necessarily mean the best. The drawback of free web hosts is that most of the time, advertisements are placed on your finished website (to pay for the costs), which can be a nuisance for readers of your site. Also, some free webhosts are commonly criticized for their lack of needed features, security issues, as well as limited support; though some free web hosting providers are doing their best to solve these issues based on customer demand. Regardless, free web hosting is the preferred choice for anyone who wish to create and maintain a personal website for themselves or for a small group of people.

Shared – Some of the best web hosting sites offer a shared package, in which you and several other webmasters share all the resources provided by the host, including bandwidth and disk space. This also means that server upkeep costs are also shared between several people, making shared hosting a very attractive and affordable choice for users who need extra functionality for their site. The only drawback of this is that, since everyone shares the same server, one small error made by one can also affect the others. For example, if one sites in the same host experiences a huge boost in traffic, your own site might experience a slowdown. If a scripting error is committed by one user, it can also affect the entire server, and all of the sites hosted in it.

Dedicated – This type of web hosting is suitable for large businesses, especially when even shared hosting isn’t enough for their bandwidth and disk space needs. Most of the best web hosting sites offers this kind of dedicated hosting, which not only guarantees superior bandwidth and disk space over the other hosting types, but also added features, superb security as well as excellent and dedicated customer support. Also, since they’re built with business owners in mind, some web hosting services also come with an SEO management tool that monitors several aspects of their website, including inbound traffic, lead-in generation, etc. The obvious drawback of all these benefits is that it’s the most expensive type of web hosting around. Moreover, business owners need to have some technical experience, especially in server administration, in order to manage all the aspects of the web host. This can easily be mitigated by availing of a managed hosting service that allows the provider to handle all the tasks associated with server management while you focus on your business website itself. However, a managed hosting service may cost much more than normal, but with additional costs come improved service, so you are really getting your money’s worth.


Based on the features provided by each of the web hosting types, it can then be concluded that, if you’re only going to make a website purely for personal or family use, or just to teach yourself the basics of creating a website, then a free webhost is enough for your needs.

But if you’re a business owner, and you’re looking for the best web hosting sites that scales as your business grows, then a dedicated hosting solution is the right one for you.

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The Evolution of Golf Shoes

April 8th, 2014

When golf was first played, golf clubs were wooden sticks, and golf balls were just round pieces of wood. There was no concept of golf shoes. As the different aspects of the game changed, so did the equipment that is needed to play it well. Golf clubs became metal, and golf balls evolved to the dimpled wonder that we know it today. The terrain for playing golf also changed, and consequently, golfers found that ordinary shoes, slippers, or sandals do not suffice anymore.

Golf shoesThe exact date for the creation of the first shoe specialized for golfing is hard to pinpoint exactly, but the earliest reference to spiked shoes was at an 1857 issue of The Golfer. Beginners were advised to use shoes that had nails or sprigs, to give proper traction on the slick lawns of the golf course. As one could imagine, despite the sound theory behind it, these shoes were hazardous, and a lot of golfers injured themselves and other people with it.

A better version of the nail and sprig shoe was made in 1891, with the introduction of the screw-in spikes. This was a huge improvement to the earlier shoe, since it gave comfort and proper traction without the extra hazard. Eventually, groundskeepers found that the spikes in the shoes were damaging the lawns. As a result, many golf courses decided to ban screw-in spikes.

Spalding introduced the saddle oxfords in 1906. They are Oxford shoes that have low heels and are characterized by a plain toe, and a saddle shaped panel in the mid foot and around the laces, thus the name Saddle Oxfords. They were considered very trendy and have even seen a recent comeback among teens and young adults. Originally meant for racket sports, the saddle oxfords became more popular for golf, and were eventually made with golf cleats.

Golf shoes evolved again some time around the 1980s. Golfers and manufacturers are suddenly noticing that the current golf shoes are not very comfortable for walking around the golf course all day. These stiff shoes drove many footwear brands to focus on foot cushioning and comfort by using materials that are lighter and more breathable.

The banning of the screw-in spikes proved beneficial not only to the advancement of the golf shoe, but also to the maintenance of golf courses. Golf course owners, however, were still not satisfied. Metal spikes, although not as damaging as the screw-in spikes, were still deemed hazardous to the golf course greens. In response to this, golf shoe manufacturers designed a shoe with nonmetal cleats, not only making them less damaging the lawns, but also more comfortable. This led to the reduction in maintenance cost among golf courses. Due to this, metal spikes are finally a thing of the past, and groundskeepers and owners sleep better at night.

While basketball enjoys tremendous popularity with its signature shoes, like the Air Jordan and the Kobe shoes, the first signature golf shoe, named the Nike Air Zoom TW (named after Tiger Woods) didn’t really introduce any innovations, and was fairly a bust in the market. They did, however, pave the way for future innovations, and became pioneers in a new marketing campaign in golf shoes.

Spikeless golf shoes were first worn in 2010 by Fred Couples, starting a new trend. In the first round of the 2010 Masters Tournament, he was seen wearing a pair of spikeless shoes. This shoe has a dimpled rubber outsole, which replaced the spikes in providing balance and traction. This is not met without hesitation, though. Some professional golfers are hesitant to give up the spikes in fear of losing their stance. It may be seeing popularity right now, but it was not a popular choice among professionals when it first came out.

The golf shoe has seen tremendous innovation over the years, providing maximum satisfaction not only to golf players but also to golf course owners. And as the competition among manufacturers continues to grow, golfers can be assured that the technology in these shoes will only continue to improve.

When you buy a pair of golf shoes, you want to not only help your game but also make sure you’re stylin’

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